Deforestation means clearing forest cover or tree plantations to accommodate agriculture, industrial or urban use. It may cause the end of forest cover because of human purpose. So what can cause deforestation? As earlier mentioned, agricultural activities are one of the major reasons. Nowadays the demand for food products of people is overgrowing, so a large number of trees is cut down to grow crops or for cattle grazing. Another reason is for logging. Wood based industries, like paper, match-sticks and furniture, are now used frequently, so several trees are chopped down for this purpose. Also, wood is used as fuel in an either direct or indirect way, for example firewood or charcoal, so trees are destroyed. Some of the factors is the desertification of land. It happens because there isn’t much land enough for houses, roads and for the overpopulation in urban areas. One more example is forest blazes. Thousands of trees are lost each year because of the forest fire. It happens due to extreme warm summers or milder winters. As a result, deforestation can affect a lot on nature.
As we know, trees play an important role in controlling climate balance and global warming. They release water vapor in the air, give shades so that soil is kept moist and is prevented from erosion and utilize the greenhouse gases. They also protect some areas from floods as trees absorb and store large amount of water with their roots. In addition, the falling of trees can cause wildlife extinction. Because forests and jungles are natural habitats for wild animals, when these places are destroyed, the animals have nowhere to live. They are forced to move to a new location, some of them are even pushed to extinction. To stop these terrible effects from happening, we need to have solutions to this problem. So as to reduce the number of trees falling down, the government should make a series of rules and laws of cutting trees. Also, clear cutting of forests must be banned. And they should have a policy of planting young trees to replace the older ones tha were cut. We should make a move as soon as possible, to save the trees for our future.
Solutions To The Problem Of Deforestation
Solutions to the Problem of Deforestation
There are many things that one can do personally to rectify the
problem of Deforestation. These include such things as using wood
sparingly, planting indigenous trees, purchasing the most ecologically
sensitive products, recycling paper, reducing consumption of wood
related products, communicating your opinions to the proper
authorities, calling on forestry companies to act responsibly, and
more. Education, however is the most effective catalyst for change, we
must respect the forests as living communities not just resources to
There are many things that governments are doing to rectify this
problem. Probably the most effective of these are Forest Protection
Schemes, Farm Forestry and plantations, and Raising
First and foremost is the establishment of Forest Protection Schemes,
which mainly aim at setting up National Parks and Forest Reserves.
Although this is a very effective method it is not enough and such
schemes tend to be used to justify destructive exploitation of
unprotected areas of forest.
Farm Forestry generally refers to the incorporation of commercial tree
growing into farming systems. Farm Forestry is as effective as it is
because it takes the load off old-growth forests. Farm Forestry, along
with Plantations, is very effective in preserving old-growth forests.
The Combined Standing Forest Resource in Australia was 1.5 million
hectares of planted trees. . In China, the law states that each and
every citizen must plant at least 11 trees a year, every year.
Raising awareness and education are other important steps in
rectifying the problem of deforestation. Raising awareness is most
important because it ensures that people know the problem and it is
this knowledge that proves to be the most effective step in rectifying
the problem. Through educating local farmers, governments aim to teach
farmer the Dangers of Deforestation and Slash-and-Burn. Apart from
educating farmers, Governments could provide incentives to farmers, or
give the High Yielding Varieties of seeds so that less land is cut
down, and give farmers fertilisers so that they can use the same block
of land for a longer period of time. Improvement of technology would
also help as access to machinery would allow farmers to manage the
land for a longer period before moving on.
The Tropical Forestry Action Plan was the first major international
initiative to tackle tropical deforestation and was launched in 1985
by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation, the World Bank, the
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