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Greatest Invention Of All Time: The Computer - With A Free Essay Review




It is evident how life has changed since technology has been introduced in the human life. When we think about technology mostly the first thing that comes to our mind is the image of a computer. Technological advancements such as computers have been designed and created with the only purpose to help humans and make their lives easier. Computers have become indispensable in any workplace where they are basically considered a compliment for people to help them on developing their activities. In fact, computers are the greatest invention of all time because they have multi-tasking features that can minimize your work, they can display and let you manipulate stored information, and they are used in almost all fields for any purpose.

First of all computers have multi-tasking features that can minimize the work you have to do. The cheapest or even oldest computer has at least the basic tasks such as mathematic operations and word processing that help you when you need to reduce your time on doing something. For example, computers avoid you having to calculate any result on doing math, the only thing you must do is to type the information needed and your work is done. According to Sam Ewing, “Computers are like bikinis. They save people a lot of guesswork.” But it is not just the work you do or the time it takes; it also saves you money in some way.

Secondly, computers can display and let you manipulate stored information. In other words, you don’t need to use paper in order to store any information on shelves. You don’t even have to rewrite a whole paper because you did a mistake or you have to add more information to the written form. You can have as many files as you can in your computer and organize them the way you like it without having to use any extra material or space. As Bill Gates said, “Paper is no longer a big part of my day. I get 90% of my news online, and when I go to a meeting and want to jot things down, I bring my Tablet PC.” Computers are becoming easier to carry and they can be used anywhere you need them.

Finally, computers are used in almost all fields for any purpose such as entertainment, education, and any type of job. For example, you can use computers to play videogames, watch movies, listen to music or chat on the internet for entertainment. In education or any job you can use them for videoconferences, PowerPoint presentations or just using their basic features discussed in the first point. “Computing is not about computers any more. It is about living,” Nicholas Negroponte said. So, computers have become a powerful tool used in several activity people do in their school, house or workplace.

Therefore computers are the greatest invention of all time because they reduce your time consumption on your activities, you can save your information and edit it anytime, and they let you do almost everything you need. Computers have become the most powerful tool ever created. They are tools of entertainment, tools of communication, and tools of education that can save you money, time and materials. You can have all your information organized in one place and dispose of it at the moment you need. No wonder why people fear technology if it is about to replace some of them in their workplace.

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ESSAY REVIEW

This is a nice paean to the computer, but the essay doesn't prove that the computer is the greatest invention of all time so much as it proves that the computer is a great invention. If you want to complete the argument, then I think you need to compare the computer with other contenders for the title you want to bestow here. The difficulty of course would be in deciding what to compare it to, and how. Presumably "sliced bread" doesn't cut it, but what about: the wheel, the pen, the plough, the sword, the printing press, the steam engine, the telephone, the automobile, the airplane, the internet (if that's an "invention") and so on.

What you need to do, I think, instead of just creating a list of wonderful things about the computer, is to adopt a historical perspective, and make a historical argument: think of the place of several inventions in the history of human progress. What did the printing press make possible for instance in the early modern period of European history? What did the steam engine make possible in the history of industrialization? And so on. If you can make an argument that the computer is the most important invention in terms of what it makes possible in general for human progress, as compared to what other inventions have made possible, you will have a much more compelling argument for why it should be considered the greatest invention ever.

Best, EJ.

P.S. The final sentence is a bit of an anticlimax, I think. If you want to argue that the computer is the greatest invention ever, perhaps the right way to put it would be to say that computer will liberate us from work, instead of just taking our jobs. One day these reviews, for instance, will be written by a computer, and I'll be able focus on Barcelona's annihilation of Bayer Leverkusen.

Submitted by: jhonattan.perez

Tagged...essay feedback, essay help



The History of Computers

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The History of Computers

Thousands of years ago calculations were done using people’s fingers and pebbles that were found just lying around. Technology has transformed so much that today the most complicated computations are done within seconds. Human dependency on computers is increasing everyday. Just think how hard it would be to live a week without a computer. We owe the advancements of computers and other such electronic devices to the intelligence of men of the past.

The history of the computer dates back all the way to the prehistoric times. The first step towards the development of the computer, the abacus, was developed in Babylonia in 500 B.C. and functioned as a simple counting tool. It was not until thousands of years later that the first calculator was produced. In 1623, the first mechanical calculator was invented by Wilhelm Schikard, the “Calculating Clock,” as it was often referred to as, “performed it’s operations by wheels, which worked similar to a car’s odometer” (Evolution, 1). Still, there had not yet been anything invented that could even be characterized as a computer. Finally, in 1625 the slide rule was created becoming “the first analog computer of the modern ages” (Evolution, 1). One of the biggest breakthroughs came from by Blaise Pascal in 1642, who invented a mechanical calculator whose main function was adding and subtracting numbers. Years later, Gottfried Leibnez improved Pascal’s model by allowing it to also perform such operations as multiplying, dividing, taking the square root.

Technology continued to prosper in the computer world into the nineteenth century. A major figure during this time is Charles Babbage, designed the idea of the Difference Engine in the year 1820. It was a calculating machine designed to tabulate the results of mathematical functions (Evans, 38). Babbage, however, never completed this invention because he came up with a newer creation in which he named the Analytical Engine. This computer was expected to solve “any mathematical problem” (Triumph, 2). It relied on the punch card input. The machine was never actually finished by Babbage, and today Herman Hollerith has been credited with the fabrication of the punch card tabulating machine.

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He got the idea when riding a train and watching the attendants poke holes into the passengers’ tickets (Evans, 51).

From the 1940’s to the 50’s, computers were often constructed of vacuum tubes. The ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator) was developed by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert in 1946. One reporter described the machine as being “faster than thought” (Evans, 82). In 1947, John von Neumann sought to improve the device. He came up with the idea of storing information in a high speed memory system. This led to the development of the EDVAC (Electronic discrete variable computer). It used Magnetic Tape, which was a major advancement. In time, the UNIVAC became a popular all-purpose computer. It was built by the Eckert- Mauchly Corporation in 1951.

The twentieth century was filled with important inventions that are still widely used today. Invented by four men at Bell Labs in 1947, the transistor became one of the most essential inventions of the times. Today, silicon is used to build transistors which are used in integrated circuits. But what can be done without the development of computer languages? In the mid 1950’s “high level” programming languages were made known. FORTRAN and COBOL became the most successful languages. In 1964, the System/360 was released by IBM. It set the precedent for future computers. By the 70’s personal computers were being brought into the society. This same decade led to the creation of the computer language BASIC and the formation of the Microsoft Corporation by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. Microsoft Windows was first established in 1985. Today, it is stated to be running in over 10 million computers worldwide (Evolution, 18). It was not until 1973 that the idea of the Internet was initially developed by Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf. In 1981, the IBM PC was released. Computer development was flourishing. The Apple Macintosh came out in 1984 and IBM’s PS/2 System was released in 1987. In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee came up with the concept of the World Wide Web. This system would allow for the exchange of ideas around the world. Today, it is used in almost every household to talk to family, buy merchandise, or research information.

With the collaboration of so many brilliant mathematicians and scientists, computers have become increasing more productive and efficient. Calculations have gone from counting on our fingers, to using high speed electronic computers. They have become essential to the functioning of our everyday lives. We have Schikard, Pascal, Babbage, Gates, and many more to thank the computers we use today.

Works Cited

Evans, Chistopher. The Making of the Micro: A History of the Computer. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1981.

“Evolution of Computers: From Stone to Silicon.” Computer Science Southwestern Inventist Industry. 10 September 2003 <http://cs.swau.edu/~durkin/articles/history_computing,html>

“Triumph of the Nerds: A History of the Computer.” PBS Online. 9 September 2003
<http://www.pbs.org/nerds/timeline/pre.html>