Skip to content

Broadcast Journalism Essay Topics

Journalism began as a print media and remained as such until the invention of radio and television in the 20th century. Journalism that provides information over radio, television – and now, the Internet – is known as broadcast journalism.

Although print journalism and broadcast journalism share much in common, e.g., both disseminate information to the general public and engage in investigation, they differ in significant ways. Knowing these differences will help prospective journalists determine which form of journalism to specialize in.

Print Journalism Conventions

  • News writing in print journalism conforms to rigorous style. News stories begin with a lede(aka lead), an opening sentence that concisely indicates the subject and action of the story and entices the audience to read the story. Example: Several children met with industrial accidents yesterday in a famous chocolatier’s factory. The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University offers several tips on how to write an effective lede.
  •  The next element in a news story is the nut grafe. This comes after the lede, but does not necessarily follow it. The nut grafe tells the readers the who, what, what, when, and why of the story. It tells the reader what the story is about and why they should care about it. The nut grafe is comparable to a thesis statement in an academic paper.
  • After the lede and the nut grafe comes the crucial information of the story, i.e., what the story is about. This is followed by non-crucial information, e.g., background information, where to find more information, or reactions to the story.
  • Finally, the conclusion of a new story does more than remind the reader of the story’s substance. It also looks ahead to the future. For example, if a story focuses on an important city council meeting, the conclusion might inform the reader about follow-up meetings or about what any decisions made by the council might mean for the city.

Because news stories in broadcast journalism are meant to be read out loud by a news anchor rather than internally by a general audience, news stories follow different conventions.

Broadcast Journalism Conventions

  • In broadcast journalism, new stories begin with a general, simple sentence signaling the beginning of a story. For example, if a story is about an outbreak of tornadoes in Oklahoma, the lead sentence might be: Oklahoma saw severe storms yesterday. Thus, the opening sentence in a broadcast news story functions as a cue that begins a story segment.
  • Sentences in a broadcast news story generally contain just one idea and do not contain multiple clauses and internal clauses. This makes it easier for the anchor to read.
  • In print, a source is mentioned at the end of a sentence: Oklahoma is likely to see more severe weather this month, said meteorologists at the University of Oklahoma. In a broadcast story, the source is mentioned at the beginning of a sentence: Meteorologists at the University of Oklahoma say that Oklahoma is likely to see more severe weather this month. This emphasizes the informative part of the sentence for the listener.
  • Broadcast news stories adopt a conversational style. News segments are often short, so information has to be conveyed quickly and simply. Example: Cold weather is on the way for the tri-state area. Here are several tips for coping with the cold weather. First, check for any drafts in your house . . .
  • Finally, broadcast news stories take into account the visual and auditory nature of broadcast news. For example, images often accompany a story, and the story needs to be consistent with the image. Moreover, because the audience is listening to a story, rather than reading it, a good broadcast news story appeals to the ear. Compare There was an outbreak of tornadoes in Oklahoma this weekend to Tornadoes whipped through Oklahoma this weekend. The latter conjures a concrete visual image and is more likely to resonate with a listening audience.

As we can see, broadcast journalism presents the writer with unique challenges. A broadcast news story has to aid the anchor in reading the story, take into account any imagery used during the story, and provide the listener with concrete details in a short time span.

Broadcasting Essay Examples

Christ TV

Basic Details             The title of the show is Footprints in the Sand. This title is derived from the famous modern religious anecdote about a man walking along a path. The man asks Jesus Christ why there were two sets of footprints when he was walking easy paths but only one when he was walking… View Article

The Influence of ICT in the Media Industry

Introduction ICT underwent a revolution in the 20th century. Our society has been going through deep transformations within the ICT sector for many years. ICT innovations are both a driver and a supporter for these transformations. New enabling technologies and applications are emerging rapidly. Growth of the media sector has been heavily influenced by the… View Article

Mobile television

Mobile television is television watched on a small handheld or mobile device. It includes pay TV service delivered via mobile phone networks or received free-to-air via terrestrial television stations. Regular broadcast standards or special mobile TV transmission formats can be used. Additional features include downloading TV programs and podcasts from the internet and the ability… View Article

Theories of PR and its application

Every theory is the reflection of reality, it enables people both to understand and confirm it. Public relation theories are a set of assumptions that help to understand the whole process and its possible effects. It guides person through a different ways of understanding. In public relations theories help to understand how the whole system… View Article

Major Advances in Broadcasting

Civil War (1861- 1865) – Personal Journalism is born. This allowed people to publish their thoughts and feelings individually. Topics not limited to slavery and racism is written by various people but sometimes not published due to limited freedom in broadcasting. 1890- Yellow Journalism enters the broadcasting arena making it possible for politicians use the… View Article

How Young People Represented in Eastenders and Hollyoaks

Eastenders is a British Soap Opera, first broadcast in the UK on BBC1. It’s about people who works and live in the frictional London Borough of Walford in the East End of London. The scenes usually around the Albert Square. This soap originally played in the TV as two half-hour episodes per week since 2001,… View Article

Ielts Sample Writing

The amount of sport shown on television every week has increased significantly and this is having an impact on live sports events. Do you think the benefits of having more televised sport are greater than the disadvantages? Sample answer It is now possible to watch live sport on television on any day of the week,… View Article

History of TV Broadcasting

1950s During the 1950s, the University of Santo Tomas and Feati University were experimenting with television. UST demonstrated its home-made receiver, while Feati opened an experimental television station two years later. On October 23, 1953, the Alto Broadcasting System (ABS), the forerunner of ABS-CBN, made its first telecast as DZAQ-TV Channel 3. The ABS offices… View Article

Communication and Crisis paper

When a certain crisis is going or a situation at the time then the emergency management office is going to be communicating with one another inside of the office and also outside of the organization as well. When dealing with and issue or matter however you look at it no matter what but also sometimes… View Article

Advantages Of Television

Positive: Literacy, Democratization of Information, Enrichment of Culture. In this era, also known as information age, Television plays significant role in disseminating information and shaping people’s opinions. Since its invention television has been used for several different purposes including, broadcasting information, imparting knowledge and providing entertainment masses. Television has a lot of positive effects on… View Article

CNN And FOX News

I chose to view CNN and Fox news to investigate the difference between how they relay information to the public. I have read that CNN publishes real news and that Fox is just an informational entertainment station filled with opinions about the news. Immediately it is seen that CNN is very detailed in their broadcasts…. View Article

Radio and Television in Mass Media

A form of media that revolutionized the way humans communicate was the radio. David Sarnoff is the best candidate for the man who put radio on the map. Although it may have not been his choosing, the sinking of the Titanic in 1916 put his name in the record books. For three days straight, the… View Article

Positive Effects of Media on Children

Many people argue that the media only brings negative effects on children, forcing the parents to constantly say “no” to their children’s requests. Parents argue that the media repetitively advertises junk food and things that may damage a child’s health; and they are forced to “counter the culture”, which means to stop the messages that… View Article

Mass Media in Great Britain

The media play a central role in Britain’s daily life, informing and educating, questioning and challenging – and of course – entertaining. In recent years the availability of more radio frequencies, together with satellite, cable and microwave transmissions, has already made a greater number of local, national and international services possible. The transition from analogue… View Article

Effects of Television on Modern Society

Upon its introduction up until the dot com era television was the most popular medium. The ability for news and events to be televised and viewed instantly around the world has given our society the ability to connect with the world by the push of a button. Although TV has made information more assessable it… View Article