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A Short Essay On Festivals Of India

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'National Festivals of India' (250 Words)

'National Festivals of India' (250 Words)
National Festivals of India

Independence Day: Independence Day of India is celebrated on the fifteenth of August. 15th August is a national holiday in India. It is celebrated to commemorate its independence from British rule in 1947. On Independence Day the Prime Minister hoists the national flag at the Red Fort at Delhi, the capital of India and delivers a speech from its ramparts. He salutes the National Flag. The National Anthem is sung.The Prime Minister also pays his tribute to leaders of the freedom struggle. Read More...

Republic Day: In India, Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January. Republic Day commemorates the date on which the Constitution of India came into force replacing the Government of India Act 1935 as the governing document of India on 26 January 1950. Republic Day is one of the three national holidays in India. In New Delhi, a special parade is held on this day. The President of India takes the salute. A procession starts from Vijay Chowk. All the three wings of the armed forces take part in the parade. Read More...

Gandhi Jayanti: Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhiji, the 'Father of Nation' of India was born on 2nd October, 1869. Hence Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on the 2nd of October. Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday in India. This day is celebrated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence. On this day all schools and offices are closed throughout the India. Read More... 


Festivals are the periods of celebration and are an important part of life of Indian people. When religion intervened to invest the festivals with spiritual meaning, this joy came to be identified with the joy of worship.

The Festivals of India are still associated with religion and participation in the productive activities and with the seasons of the year.

The harvesting festivals, the spring festivals, the sowing festivals, during the rainy season are all associated with man’s relation with nature.

Even our Durga Puja and Diwali are Autumn festival and the festival of lights welcoming the winter or harvesting season.

The folk-culture behind these festivals has their roots in the age-old folk-traditions and the impulses of the common man. Of course, as in primitive society social relations corresponded simply with forces of production, the festivals then revealed the harmony of communal living without any veils.

But later in our society, the relations grew complex and the festivals, on many occasions lost their folk traditions.

However, in many regions such as north-eastern India, the festivals still show folk-characteristics and include folk dramas, folk-songs, folk-dances and the rituals associated with folk-beliefs.

The regional festivals differ from one state to another. The manner in which they are observed and celebrated are also different.

But even though the festivals today have lost much of their significance in the changed perspective, they still have a definite role to play in keeping off the forces of disintegration in our society today.

The Indian Society has been divided into various classes and groups is quite antagonistic, so much so that they are often found involved in conflicting quarrels which are only exercises in futility.

Festivals, without class-hatred, can bring about the harmony in our Indian society.

Also read: Major Festivals of India (National, Religious, Harvest and Seasonal)

Category: Indian SocietyTagged With: Indian Festivals