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Mobile In Hindi Essay On Mahatma

There’s not a single person in the world who is untouched by the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi — the father of our nation — the chief advocate of ahimsa and satyagrah.

He was assassinated on this day in 1948. As the nation remembers Gandhi on his death anniversary, take a look at some of his teachings…

“Be the change that you wish to see in the world.”

(Photo by Planet News Archive/SSPL/Getty Images)

“An ounce of patience is worth more than a tonne of preaching.”

(Photo by Planet News Archive/SSPL/Getty Images)

“In a gentle way, you can shake the world.”

(Photo by Daily Herald Archive/SSPL/Getty Images)

“The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.”

(Photo by Imagno/Getty Images)

“A man is but a product of his thoughts. What he thinks he becomes.”

(Photo by Daily Herald Archive/SSPL/Getty Images)

“Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.”

(Photo by ullstein bild/ullstein bild via Getty Images)

“The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.”

(Photo by Shailesh Raval/The India Today Group/Getty Images)

“An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind.”

(Photo by Margaret Bourke-White/Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images)

“You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty.”

(Photo by Imagno/Getty Images)

“See the good in people and help them.”

(Photo by ullstein bild/ullstein bild via Getty Images)

DISCLAIMER : Views expressed above are the author's own.

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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
मोहनदास करमचद गांधी
محاتما گاندهي‎
મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી


Born(1869-10-02)October 2, 1869
Porbandar, Gujarat, British Indian Empire
DiedJanuary 30, 1948(1948-01-30) (aged 78)
New Delhi, India
Cause of death

Gun shot

Spouse(s)Kasturba Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Hindi: मोहनदास करमचन्द गांधी; Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી; Sindhi:محاتما گاندهي; October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was a leader of nationalism in British-ruled India. He is more commonly called Mahatma Gandhi;[1]mahatma is an honorific meaning "great-soul" or "venerable" in Sanskrit. He was first called this in 1914 in South Africa. He is also called Bapu in India (Gujarati endearment for "father", "papa").

He was the Martyr of the Nation since 1948. Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title of 'Mahatma'.[2]

Gandhi was one of the most important people involved in the movement for the independence of India. He was a non-violentactivist, who led the independence movement through a non-violent protest.

Early life[change | change source]

Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India.[3] Several members of his family worked for the government of the state. When Gandhi was 18 years old, he went to England to study law.[4] After he became a lawyer, he went to the British colony of South Africa where he experienced laws that said people with dark skin had fewer rights than people with light skin. In 1897, Gandhi was attacked by a group of people in Durban Harbor, South Africa when he was going to work. He went to South Africa because he could not find work in India.[5] When traveling through South Africa, Gandhi was also kicked out of a first class train because of his skin color. Then Gandhi started protesting against segregation.[6] He decided then to become a political activist, so he could help change these unfair laws. He created a powerful, non-violent movement. During Gandhi's life, India was a colony of the United Kingdom, but wanted independence. He was a huge leader during that era and his thoughts helped catalyse the Indian independence movement.[7]

As an activist[change | change source]

In 1915, when Gandhi returned to India, he decided to again lead a march against a law called the Rowlatt Act. But then the protest turned violent and people started to kill the protesters.[8]

In 1930, Gandhi led the Salt March.

When he returned to India, he helped cause India's independence from British rule, inspiring other colonial people to work for their own independence, break up the British Empire, and replace it with the Commonwealth.

People of many different religions and ethnic groups lived in British India. Many people thought that the country should break into separate countries so that different groups could have their own countries. In particular, many people thought that Hindus and Muslims should have separate countries. Gandhi was a Hindu, but he liked ideas from many religions including Islam, Judaism and Christianity, and he thought that people of all religions should have the same rights, and could live together peacefully in the same country.

In 1938, Gandhi resigned from Congress. He said that he was no longer able to work through Congress to unite the divisions in caste and religion. He also felt that he had little to offer to the political process.[9]

In 1947, British Indian Empire became independent, breaking India in two, India and Pakistan. Gandhi wanted independence, but did not want to split into two different countries. Instead of celebrating on independence day, he was crying over the division of India.

Gandhi's principle of satyagraha, often translated as "way of truth" or "pursuit of truth", has inspired other democratic and anti-racist activists like Martin Luther King, Jr. and Nelson Mandela. Gandhi often said that his values were simple, based upon traditional Hindu beliefs: truth (satya), and non-violence (ahimsa).

Death[change | change source]

On January 30, 1948, Gandhi was assassinated by an extremist Hindu activist , Nathuram Godse. He shot him because he felt that Gandhi was too respectful towards Muslims. As a punishment for this he was hanged. He was honored in a way very few are.

References[change | change source]

  1. ↑Chakrabarty, Bid Social and Political Thought of Mahatma Gandhi Routledge 2006 page 1
  2. Bhattacharya, Sabyasachi (1997). The Mahatma and the Poet. New Delhi: National Book Trust, India. p. 1. 
  3. ↑Hook, Sue van der Mahatma Gandhi: Proponent of Peace ABDO 2011 page 14
  4. ↑Agarwal, Satya P. Social Message of the Gita Motilal Banarsidass; 1st edition 1995 page 114
  5. "18 Milestone Events in the Life of Mohandas Gandhi". Reach and Teach's Just Lists. 2009-09-18. Retrieved 2017-04-27. 
  6. "Gandhi: Reckless teenager to father of India". BBC Timelines. Retrieved 2017-04-27. 
  7. "Mahatma Gandhi". Biography & History. 2015-05-29. Retrieved 2017-07-04. 
  8. "Gandhi: Reckless teenager to father of India". BBC Timelines. Retrieved 2017-04-27. 
  9. ↑Adams, Jad. Gandhi: The True Man Behind Modern India. Pegasus Books, 2011: New York. Page 217.