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Teenage Pregnancy In The Philippines Bibliography


Rosenberg, Jeffrey, and W. Bradford Wilcox. “The Importance of Fathers inthe Healthy Development of Children.”

Child Welfare Information Gateway 

. 2006.Web 22 March 2010.<>This source I found is a publication on website that empowers strengtheningfamilies and the protection of children. The writing and publication that actuallyhelped me with my inquiry question focuses on the significance of having a father

and/or male figure in a child’s life. Psychologists and sociologist found a father isn’t 

just the second adult to a child. A father means much more, by mean of protection,shelter, and he deserves a place where no other human being can fill or substitute.

The father impacts a child’s relationship with other p

eople, their psychological wellbeing and social abilities, and educational achievements.The source is credible because it is funded and available for government 

purposes. It is a service of the Children’s Bureau, Administration for Children and

Families, and U.S. Department if Health and Human Services. The information foundcomes from sociologist and psychologist who have looked into these situations andrecorded the stated views of fathers.The source was beneficial because it showed me that in most situations

without a father there is an unbalance in a child’s l

ife. No matter the age, this sourceshowed me that some of the reasons teens have sex is because they look for

something they can’t find, and in this case it’s the love and protection of a male

figure. The information from the source was pretty specific and to the point. To me,it was clear that a father is a very important figure for the youth.


   In the Philippines, according to the 2002 Young Adult Fertility and Sexuality Study by the University of the Philippines Population Institute (Uppi) and the Demographic Research and Development Foundation, 26 percent of our Filipino youth nationwide from ages 15 to 25 admitted to having a premarital sex experience. What’s worse is that 38 percent of our youth are already in a live-in arrangement.


   Teenage pregnancy is the condition of being pregnant of adolescence aged 10 to 19. Those who are affected are the girl herself up to the national society. The victims of teenage pregnancy are the girl herself, her child, her parents and relatives and the national society as a whole. It will also probably make her economically vulnerable.

   The national scope of the problem is alarming; the United Nation Population Fund Agency (UNPFC) representative Ugochi Daniels’ claims that this could derail the country’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The Millennium Development Goals are eight international development goals that the UN member states have agreed to achieve by the year 2015. These MDG include eradicating extreme poverty and attaining universal primary education. In fact, among the six ASEAN major economies, the Philippines ranked the highest rate in teenage pregnancy.


   Teen pregnancy is a communal problem, a family problem, and a personal problem all rolled into one. It frequently goes hand in hand with premarital sex. Problems come when the news needs to breach each parent’s party. A spring of thought flash before one’s eyes, and registers only two; whether, to back the hell up – abort the child or carry on with the pregnancy but sign up for adoption - or get the hell in – have the child with all its perks and consequences alike.

   After which, these impressions simply serve no purpose but to put them off, and deduce to mere nuisance to them when the truth of their situation slowly sinks in. How do they provide for the child if their parents cut them short financially? Will they be able to go to grad school? What will become of their future? What will become of their child’s future? By this time, they would have to contend with the pressures of parenthood. What’ll truly bother them in the long run is the reality of whether or not they can fulfill their obligation as parents, and the security of their child’s future. Teenage pregnancy is becoming a societal problem that branches out to other problems.


   One of the reasons why teenagers are already aware with this topic is because of media. They get a higher knowledge to sex from the magazines, TV shows, internet, movies and other media. In television, they now also create and make shows about teen pregnancy like “Teen Moms” and “16 and Pregnant”. These shows make us realize that the rate of this problem is getting higher and it is getting usual. There are a lot of reported cases regarding teenage pregnancy since the past few years until now.    

   According to the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), teenage pregnancy has a huge rate in the Philippines, especially among the poor. 2/3 of Filipinos, who give birth before age 20, belongs to the low class society. Data from the National Statistics Office showed that 8 percent among 1.7 million babies born in 2004 were born to mothers 15-19 years old. Young mother gave birth to 818,000 babies in 2000 alone. This means, almost one of every 10 babies is born to teenage mothers. The risk is, almost 10 percent of the born babies from young mothers are malnourished. As years passed by, the statistics are getting higher. According to the study done by the Population Institute of the University of the Philippines, more than 46 percent of teenage pregnant woman resort to induced abortion which is against the law and the Church; 2 of every 5 teenage pregnancies are unwanted ones. If the government won’t start acting on this, this problem will be worse as years goes by.


   In the developed world, the causes of teenage pregnancy is different in the sense that it is mostly outside marriage and carries lots of social stigma. Thus, adolescent sexual behavior is one of the causes of teenage pregnancy. In our world today, having sex before 20 yrs is the “in” thing, it is even normal all over the world and this is brought about high levels of adolescent pregnancy which creates sexual relationship among teenagers without the provision of comprehensive information about sex.

  • The immature and irresponsible behavior arising due to complex teenage psychology is another important cause of teenage pregnancies. Teenagers often go through a number of emotions because of their own transition from childhood and peer pressure.

  • Lack of sexual education causes teens to get abortions as they ultimately realize their inability to bear the responsibilities of being a parent at such a young age.

  • The lack of attention and affection from family resulting in depression forces them to seek love and support from other people, especially members of the opposite sex.

  • Overprotection gives rise to frustration and a feeling of not being loved and cared for. Thus, balance is the key to avoid this problem. Lack of affectionate supervision of parents or guardians results into the adolescents or teenage girl’s becoming pregnant.


a) The issue of teenage pregnancy has several consequences. It is continually increasing the population growth rate in the society. Many babies are being born through it, which cannot be catered for by the available resources.

b) The issue encourages dropping out from schools. Many pregnant female children end up dropping out from school to avoid shame thus undermining government's efforts towards ensuring Education for All and the Millennium Development goal of Education in the nearest future.

c) Due to poverty, many of those involved in teenage pregnancy die off prematurely because of lack of proper medical attention.

   According to the CDC, children born to teenage mothers have an effect on society as well. These babies are more likely to rely on public health care throughout their lives and because they also have more chronic medical conditions, this places a higher burden on the health system. 


  There are no specific laws that address the growing problem of teenage pregnancy in our country; not only in our country but worldwide. This cannot be prevented since it is the decision of the couple. One cannot simply tell a couple to not “do the deed” or have sex since they themselves are capable of voicing opinions out.

  The following laws are implemented to address the social issue of teenage pregnancy in the Philippines; not directly but is connected to that topic as well: the RH Bill which includes sex education and the use of contraceptives--- and that’s about it. This tells us several things: firstly, there are not enough laws that address teenage pregnancy since it is really difficult to monitor it. Secondly, this social issue cannot be prevented with the help of laws since people cannot be controlled in their decisions. And thirdly, this is a social issue that continues everywhere and not even government officials or politicians know how to control it.


    Sex education can reach teenagers through many different ways, one of which is through schools. The government can make it compulsory for school students to undergo at least a certain number of hours of sex education. Instead of focusing on the dangers and consequences of teenage pregnancy, schools can also educate teenagers on the advantages of not having a baby when they are unprepared so that students may be able to weigh out the pros and the cons. This can be enforced by getting students to attend service learning trips and having them be exposed to the real world of teenage pregnancy. 

    Another way that teenagers can be educated about sex is through their parents but in order for this to work, there must be a strong relationship between the child and the parent. Also with a strong relationship, parents can have more influence in their child’s sex decisions and may be able to direct their decisions in the right way. So in other words, having a good parent-child relationship can help to decrease the affected population.