Piggy, who has always appeared older than the other boys with his thick body and thinning hair and poor eyesight, is representative of maturity of thought and rationality. For he is the one who finds the conch and suggests to Ralph that it can be used for assembling the boys; he is the one who suggests that the boys with him can make a fire on the beach as a signal just as easily as on the mountain after Jack and the hunters steal the fire.
But Piggy's maturity and rational behavior is threatened by the savagery of the hunters who steal his glasses, and the sadism of Roger. So, in Chapter Eleven when Ralph and Piggy and the others approach the hunters to demand the return of Piggy's glasses, Roger arrests their approach. Ralph identifies himself and says that he is calling a meeting, but Roger keeps his hand upon the lever of the rock that is poised over the bridge. After Jack usurps power from Ralph, Roger releases the boulder with "delirious abandonment" and it strikes Piggy, hurling him downward to death, symbolizing the end of all rationality and civilized behavior.
His head opened...and turned red. Piggy's arms and legs twitched a bit....Then the sea breathed again in a long, slow sigh...sucking back again, the body of Piggy was gone.
The Use of Symbolism in Golding's Lord of the Flies Essay
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The Use of Symbolism in Golding's Lord of the Flies
"His head opened and stuff came out and turned red. Piggy's arms and legs twitched a bit like a pig after it has been killed" (217). This is what can happen to someone when all signs of civilization, order and power disappear and have no more meaning to members of a group or society. In the writing of William Golding's Lord of the Flies (1954), the symbol of power and civilization is the conch. Once that is lost, all bets are off. When the novel begins, two boys are talking about what has happened and why they are on this island. While walking on the beach, the main character Ralph then proceeds to find a shell which the two boys call the conch. Blowing on this shell Ralph calls a…show more content…
In the very beginning the conch is used to bring all of the boys in the story together. Ralph blows it and they come. This is the first sign of its power. The boys have been lost and now there is this thing, much like a school bell, calling them to be brought together. It has brought order to this strange place in which they are stranded.
During these boys' escapade, when one wants to speak in front of the assembly, one must have the conch in his hand. "We'll have to have hands up like at school...Then I'll give him the conch"(35). They are setting up rules just as they had learned in their civilization. They are also making the conch the only way one can talk at meetings.
All throughout this novel the boys are called to meetings to discuss the rules, the fire, and many other assorted things. One of these things is a beast that comes in the night but does not leave foot prints or any trail at any time. All the boys are very afraid of this beast and what it may do to them if it gets hold of them. As it turns out the beast is in the boys: "'You knew, didn't you? I'm part of you?'"(172). This is the "lord of the flies," also known as the beast, talking to Simon the first boy murdered. The beast is their unwillingness to maintain a civilization; it is their transformation into savages. All the time at all these meetings the boys respect the conch and whoever held the conch was respected, even if he was not liked. Once this symbol of