Quebec Should be Independent Essay
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The French pioneers arrived on the land of today’s Canada before the 17th century, in which they called New France. The English started to colonize North America in the 17th century, and it dominated the land by defeating the French after the French and Indian War, (McDougal Littell World Geography, page 156). Francophone’s population remained a minority in Northern America. The tension between the two ethnicities worsened, so the French asked for an independent nation. Canada and the Quebec province have been trying to reach a general conclusion by looking at the following three main aspects. Firstly, the diverse culture, history, and language between Quebec and the English speaking provinces. Secondly, the economical power preserved by…show more content…
They felt that their right of existence has been violated. People argued that the federal government and the local governments could help the Quebecers gain their cultural identities back without going through devolution, and they also made French as one of the official language of Canada. In addition, they ensured that the French-Canadian would be given education and culture rights through specific laws that governed it. But numerous disagreements arose during the discussion between the provinces. “The effort aroused tremendous opposition in English Canada, and failed,” (The Case for a Sovereign Quebec, page 1). Quebec had one of the strongest economy in the world. “Quebec was the United States’s eighth largest trading partner,” (Trading with Quebec, page 2). It had numerous advantages that made it one of the strongest and healthiest economy in Canada. Montreal was the third largest city in Canada. It gathered industries from software engineering, electronic productions, to aerospace development. It as a whole had abundant financial and human resources, which provided cheap and approachable water and mineral resources. The local government believed that after gaining independence from Canada, these factors could make it succeed and prosper in the global economy. The major oppositions that stood against Quebec economically was the inconvenience when conducting trades in French. If it did not have the
The quiet revolution is the name of the period in Quebec history from 1960-1966.In this period Quebec was governed by the Liberal Party of Jean Lesage.
Before the period of Quiet Revolution “Duplissisme”, named from the ex-prime minister Maurice Dupless was experienced by the community of Quebec. This era of “Duplessisme” brought with itself the traditionalism, conservatism and rejection of contemporary values. Regarding those factors the province fell behind, acquired negative characteristics and lived the “Dark Age” as so called today by many social scientists. Despite Maurice Dupless, Jean Lessage brought forth significant changes and activities. And these effforts by Jean Lesage modernised a province and a community.
The most significant change taking place in Quiet Revolution was the rejection of past values. Those values may be outlined as agriculturalism, anti-statism and messianism. By this way, Quebec faced a new phase of modernisation. Quebec became a more secular society having liberal attitudes. Apart from those issues only nationalism remained to be existent in a different manner.
Quiet Revolution period was also marked by intense social change. In this era, Quebec was flooded by the powerful currents of change. The decolonisation idea and the civil rights movement formed a gap which was difficult to adopt. But revolutionary ideas such as democratisation of political system, objectives of the educational network, equal and adequate accessibility for classes and regions to educational and social services, economic well-being for all and the establishment of a social safety were voiced and pursued strongly as well as in other parts of the world.
Along with the revolutionary changes in all segments of bureaucracy; the economical outcomes of the movement produced much healthier financial structure. Paying comparatively less taxes in the past, Quebec community started to pay much higher taxes as a result of becoming richer in this era. Planning in all areas of governing resulted in better solutions.
Modernisation and social change took place very rapidly in Quebec in such a short and concentrated period. Yet nationalism survived well throughout the period. The Quebec community redefined its own structure as being “Quebecois” rather than being a French Canadian. Quebec pursued the main benefits of itself rather than being apart from Canada.
By the Quiet Revolution, Quebec was reformed in to a new, wealthier, more secular society and province. The institutions of the past were abandoned, the old faith of Catholicism was left. There remained only language discussions to be debated over afterwards. Such a transformation should be an excellent example for the societies who would like to become much modernised and well structured community.