Skip to content

Essay On Greek Religion History

Greek Religion Essay

965 Words4 Pages

Greek Religion

The ancient Greeks with their brilliant and imaginative spirit created a complete order of things that functioned harmoniously in the infinite world that contained them. Although its exact origins are lost in time, Greek religion is thought to date from about the 2d millenium B.C., when the culture of Aryan invaders fused with those of the Aegean and Minoan peoples who had inhabited the region of Greece from Neolithic times [1]. The beginning and the genesis of this world occupied the ancient Greeks in much the same way it did the early people of every civilization. Greek religion was at the beginning a blend of Minoan, Egyptian, Asian, and other elements, but it subsequently evolved along with Greek thought.
The…show more content…

The victors were the classical Greek pantheon, also called Homeric (for its portrayal in Homer' Iliad) or Olympian (for Mt. Olympus, home of the gods). The Olympian gods grew large in the imagination of the Greeks and came to rule over religious worship. So powerful and at the same time so vulnerable to human weaknesses, they regulated the fortunes and the lives of those they both loved and hated. Splendid, magnificent, each one with its own character, they became objects of worship for many centuries.
The Olympian gods shared all of mankind's virtues and faults. They were severe, punishing every unjust act, while protecting and assisting the just and the pious. They even had their own likes and dislikes which governed their behavior towards mortals. This was made very clear during the Trojan War (as portrayed in Homer's Iliad) when the gods got involved and assisted either Achaeans or Trojans, depending on whom each of them favored. The gods were vengeful but also excessively generous, while at the same time being propitiated by the material sacrifices they were offered by the faithful. The Greek deities had supernatural powers, particularly over human life, but were severely limited by the relentless force of fate (Moira).
There was no job or social need that was not connected to the worship of some god: from farming to education, from the fine arts to hunting, from military

Show More

Ancient Greek Religion Essay

Arisleida Guzman

Professor Michael Cisco

English 111/515A


Ancient Greek Religion

Do you want to be treated as a God and have people love you and treat you decently, respect you, follow you, and believe in you? Well let's take a trip to Ancient Greece and explore their beliefs. The book of Homer Odyssey talk about many gods that ancient Greeks believed many years ago before Jesus Christ. Their religion was different from any other religion because they believed in many gods. Christian believe in only one God and his son Jesus Christ. But we all know according to the Bible that God created the world, which included humans, animal, water, air, trees, earth etc. in our world existed the good and the bad. In contrast according to the ancient Greeks they believe in many gods, such as, god of the earth, water, love, wisdom, heaven etc. which is basically the same thing but they believe different gods were in charge of every single object in the earth and the Christians believe only one god is in charge of everything. Let's just focus in the Ancient Greeks religion, in who they believe, what was their names, what was the relationship between humans and gods, where they practice their beliefs, what happen to them when they die?

The names of the gods were Zeus (the father of the Gods), Poseidon (god of the sea ad earthquake), Hermes (messenger), Aphrodite (goddess of love and beauty), Apollo (god of sun and light), Ares (god of war), Athena (daughter of Zeus and goddess of wisdom) and others. The

Greeks had a god for every occurrence of nature and for every condition or abstract thought, and they were responsible for duly worshipping each in order to avoid the anger of any god or goddess that might feel insulted. They believed that if you were a good person and accomplished good things it was because the god did that to you, but if you were a bad person with no morals that was your fault.

According with Wright "the Greek imagination, literature, and art, the gods were given human bodies and characters both good and bad - and just as ordinary men and women, they married, had children (often through illicit affairs), fought, and in the stories of Greek mythology they directly intervened in human affairs. These traditions were first recounted only orally as there was no sacred text in Greek religion and later, attempts were made to put in writing this oral tradition, notably by Hesiod in his Theogony and more indirectly in the works of Homer".

In ancient times, the Greeks had absolute and undeniable respect for their gods. They learned religion through the voice of the poets "the rise of a written narrative tradition modified and preserved they very ancient tradition of oral poetry and came to occupy a central place in the social and spiritual life of...

Loading: Checking Spelling


Read more

Through cultural diffusion, Greek Mythology became part of the Roman Pantheon; Greek thought affects us in almost all areas of life, and its end is Humanism.

1129 words - 5 pages Through cultural diffusion, Greek Mythology became part of the Roman Pantheon; Greek thought affects us in almost all areas of life, and its end is Humanism.Before we...

Agriculture in Ancient Greece Essay

1618 words - 6 pages Every idea has a start and a history that can be traced back in time. An incredible amount of these ideas and thoughts were started by great ancient civilizations. These ancient civilizations are the base of all modern knowledge. No ancient civilization has contributed more to this base than the civilization of Ancient Greece. The unique ways of ancient Greek agriculture have left a profound influence on the agriculture of today. Ancient Greek...

Olympian and Mystery Religions in Ancient Greece

1219 words - 5 pages The Olympian Religion of Ancient Greece was a religion that was based on fear, whereas the many mystery religions of Ancient Greece were based primarily on hope. The Olympian Religion was based on fear due to the instability and unpredictability of the gods and goddesses; it was believed that they could change their minds whenever they pleased. This left mortals scared and willing to do anything to avoid the wrath of the gods and goddesses....

Should gods be Moral?

890 words - 4 pages Morals are having principles or habits with respect to right or wrong conduct (“Morals”). Having morals is something that people can have or lack. In religion, believing in a god with morals is a necessity. In Ancient Greece, however, Greek religion believed in gods and goddesses with immoral behaviors. Ancient Greek religion was a polytheistic religion that believed in many gods and goddesses. To Greeks, these gods and goddesses would...

Contributions to Western Civilization Made by Ancient Greece and Rome

2072 words - 8 pages The ancient Greeks and Romans were perhaps two of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world. These two civilizations thrived in their ancient environments which eventually led to a vast amount of prosperity within these two cultures. It is because of this prosperity that these ancient cultures were able to make a variety of advancements in literature, architecture, art and a variety of other fields. These two civilizations also produced...

A Comparison of Ancient Cultures: Greece and Rome.

1212 words - 5 pages Greco-Roman history is very complex. The two civilizations developed at dramatically different rates, as well as different times in history, and comparison is both difficult and easy. It is easy to compare Greece and Rome because both societies are in relatively the same area, situated on the same major body of water: The Mediterranean. However, it is also very difficult to compare Greek and Roman cultures because of the very fact that Greece...

Light Infantry of Ancient Greece

1588 words - 6 pages Light Infantry of Ancient Greece For a long time peace was understood in negative fashion, simply as the absence of war. -Yvon Garlan Kendrick Pritchett in the introduction to the book "The Greek State at War" points out that in order to write history of Greek Warfare one "…would require a knowledge of many aspects of Greek life. The would-be investigator would have to be familiar with terrain in the case of any given...

Great Builders of Rome

763 words - 3 pages Great Builders of Rome The Ancient Roman culture had a direct impact on how we view art, literature, architecture, education and religion. Early Roman civilizations were very sophisticated and idealistic. They build great architectural buildings and performed famous playwrights at these ancient places. Romans were considered to most advanced civilization of their time. With beautiful statues, well designed buildings, and some of...

Classical Greek Architecture

1284 words - 5 pages Classical Greek Architecture The reuse of older art works in contemporary times is not an uncommon occurrence, and many examples can be seen throughout the day as one goes from place to place. Even when one is browsing through the World Wide Web can many uses of older art and architecture be seen, as with the example shown. This image was found on the internet at the American Express homepage (, which...

The Temple of Athena Nike

1099 words - 4 pages The Temple of Athena Nike exemplifies the early Greek belief that the gods, specifically Athena, held divine providence over government and victory in war. It was built as part of the same project as the Parthenon, one of the greatest achievements of Mycenaean Greece. Lasting from 1300-1000 B.C.E, Mycenaean Greece bordered Epirus, Macedonia, Phrace, Phryapa, Mysia, Caria, and Lydia. Encompassing this time span, Ancient Greece lasted from 8000 to...

Various Ways Ancient Greeks Used to Communicate with Gods

1359 words - 5 pages Religion was an integral part of ancient Greek society and there were various ways in which the people could communicate directly or indirectly with the Olympian gods. Ancient Greeks could receive messages from the gods though a medium of a priestess or priest at oracles such as Delphi, Asclepius and Dodona. One of the biggest and most widespread ways to communicate indirectly with the gods was to sacrifice a valuable part of the harvest or a...