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Essay On Greek Religion History

Greek Religion Essay

965 Words4 Pages

Greek Religion

The ancient Greeks with their brilliant and imaginative spirit created a complete order of things that functioned harmoniously in the infinite world that contained them. Although its exact origins are lost in time, Greek religion is thought to date from about the 2d millenium B.C., when the culture of Aryan invaders fused with those of the Aegean and Minoan peoples who had inhabited the region of Greece from Neolithic times [1]. The beginning and the genesis of this world occupied the ancient Greeks in much the same way it did the early people of every civilization. Greek religion was at the beginning a blend of Minoan, Egyptian, Asian, and other elements, but it subsequently evolved along with Greek thought.
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The victors were the classical Greek pantheon, also called Homeric (for its portrayal in Homer' Iliad) or Olympian (for Mt. Olympus, home of the gods). The Olympian gods grew large in the imagination of the Greeks and came to rule over religious worship. So powerful and at the same time so vulnerable to human weaknesses, they regulated the fortunes and the lives of those they both loved and hated. Splendid, magnificent, each one with its own character, they became objects of worship for many centuries.
The Olympian gods shared all of mankind's virtues and faults. They were severe, punishing every unjust act, while protecting and assisting the just and the pious. They even had their own likes and dislikes which governed their behavior towards mortals. This was made very clear during the Trojan War (as portrayed in Homer's Iliad) when the gods got involved and assisted either Achaeans or Trojans, depending on whom each of them favored. The gods were vengeful but also excessively generous, while at the same time being propitiated by the material sacrifices they were offered by the faithful. The Greek deities had supernatural powers, particularly over human life, but were severely limited by the relentless force of fate (Moira).
There was no job or social need that was not connected to the worship of some god: from farming to education, from the fine arts to hunting, from military

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Ancient Greek Religion Essay

Arisleida Guzman

Professor Michael Cisco

English 111/515A

11/5/2014

Ancient Greek Religion

Do you want to be treated as a God and have people love you and treat you decently, respect you, follow you, and believe in you? Well let's take a trip to Ancient Greece and explore their beliefs. The book of Homer Odyssey talk about many gods that ancient Greeks believed many years ago before Jesus Christ. Their religion was different from any other religion because they believed in many gods. Christian believe in only one God and his son Jesus Christ. But we all know according to the Bible that God created the world, which included humans, animal, water, air, trees, earth etc. in our world existed the good and the bad. In contrast according to the ancient Greeks they believe in many gods, such as, god of the earth, water, love, wisdom, heaven etc. which is basically the same thing but they believe different gods were in charge of every single object in the earth and the Christians believe only one god is in charge of everything. Let's just focus in the Ancient Greeks religion, in who they believe, what was their names, what was the relationship between humans and gods, where they practice their beliefs, what happen to them when they die?

The names of the gods were Zeus (the father of the Gods), Poseidon (god of the sea ad earthquake), Hermes (messenger), Aphrodite (goddess of love and beauty), Apollo (god of sun and light), Ares (god of war), Athena (daughter of Zeus and goddess of wisdom) and others. The

Greeks had a god for every occurrence of nature and for every condition or abstract thought, and they were responsible for duly worshipping each in order to avoid the anger of any god or goddess that might feel insulted. They believed that if you were a good person and accomplished good things it was because the god did that to you, but if you were a bad person with no morals that was your fault.

According with Wright "the Greek imagination, literature, and art, the gods were given human bodies and characters both good and bad - and just as ordinary men and women, they married, had children (often through illicit affairs), fought, and in the stories of Greek mythology they directly intervened in human affairs. These traditions were first recounted only orally as there was no sacred text in Greek religion and later, attempts were made to put in writing this oral tradition, notably by Hesiod in his Theogony and more indirectly in the works of Homer".

In ancient times, the Greeks had absolute and undeniable respect for their gods. They learned religion through the voice of the poets "the rise of a written narrative tradition modified and preserved they very ancient tradition of oral poetry and came to occupy a central place in the social and spiritual life of...

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