Vision of Sardar Patel for India
July 19, 2014
by Rumani Saikia Phukan
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Iron Man of India, also considered to be the architect of modern India, has been in news recently with the announcement by the finance minister that Rs. 200 crore in the budget has been set aside to erect a large statue of this great man in Gujarat. This is our Prime Minister Narendar Modi’s dream project, his tribute to Sardar Patel. This statue, “The Statue of Unity” will be on the same lines as that of the “Statue of Liberty” that will make our country stand tall as one nation, one culture, and one people, which was the dream of Sardar Patel for India.
There are lots of discussions going on in the social media about this project ever since its announcement and the young generation is criticizing it very badly. According to them, Rs. 200 crore is a big amount of money, which could have been allotted for other important social issues.
While this is true, we cannot also deny the fact it was Sardar Patel who had great dreams for India after its Independence and had he been alive, India would have been in a different world: a better and a prosperous one. Narendra Modi, a great admirer and staunch follower of Patel had once stated in his personal blog that had Sardar Patel been the first Prime Minister after independence, the country’s scenario would have been completely different.
Now the question that comes to our mind is why and how? What was the vision of Sardar Patel for modern India?
Sardar Patel was greatly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi. He joined India’s freedom struggle. He started the peasant movement in various parts of Gujarat and took up the cause of the farmers against heavy taxes levied on them by the British. He became the president of India National Congress in 1931. He took active participation in Salt Satyagraha, Civil Disobedience Movement, and Quit India Movement, and was considered one of the most influential leaders during the Freedom Movement.
Sardar Patel and Independent India
Modern Indian history is incomplete without Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. His vision, his work, and his principles were highly remarkable in Independent India.
- Integrating India: When our country became independent in 1947, Sardar Patel was appointed as the deputy prime minister for home ministry of the country. He took over the role as a deputy PM at a time when Indian history was in a very critical stage. Since day one, he had a vision for India to consolidate it into one united country. As the first Home Minister of Independent India, he played an important role in bringing the 565 self-governing princely states and territories into the Indian federation. To the astonishment of his critics and fellow politicians, almost within a year, he drew a new map of India with every princely State being a part of the Indian union and thus, paved the way for cultural unity and harmony.
- Civil services in Independent India: According to many, the actual acknowledgement for formation of the Indian Civil Service in free India goes to Sardar Patel. The Indian Civil Service, formed by the British Government was to protect and strengthen their rule in India. Sarder Patel, on the other hand, wanted a strong and independent civil service. He had put his support for a Federal Civil Service. The Civil Service established in Democratic India should serve the people of India. His argument led to form a groundwork for Unified National Administration. And today, we do have the Indian Administrative Service, the Indian Police Service, and the Indian Forest Service for the people. But, we cannot say whether Patel’s ideology in the true sense has been followed or not as most of these civil servants, barring a few, are in the clutches of corruption and politicians. However, we cannot deny the fact that Patel had a vision to create a strong and vibrant administrative system but unfortunately he did not live long to fulfill his dream.
- Concern about border security: Patel conceptualized some of the greatest policies to keep our country secured from border countries’ attack. He wrote a letter to Nehru, pointing out few facts like as:
o Cautioning him about the threat to India and impending war from China.
o The need for strengthening defense force.
o Examining and reshuffling the military position in various borders.
o Strengthening Northern and North-Eastern frontier.
o Improvement of transport and communication in these border areas.
However, this was not taken seriously by Nehruji and we had to pay a heavy price in 1962 Indo-China war. Not only that, certain precautionary measures taken at that point of time, as pointed out Sardar Patel could have definitely saved our country from the constant fear of terrorism today.
- Privatization: In addition, Sardar Patel was favorable for private enterprises, as opposed to public sector favored by Nehru. He was in very close terms with many top Indian businessmen at that time. His views on Indian business were just appropriate for modern India today.
No wonder, Narendra Modi had rightly stated many times that the Indian economy would have been different if Patel was the first prime minister. He was indeed the architect of modern India. Unfortunately, he lived only for three years after independence. Had he been alive, this man of iron will, with his vision for modern India could have placed India amongst the most developed nations of the world. We salute this great India.
Contribution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in Current Modern India
Sardar Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel is popular for Sardar Patel. Jhaverbhai was born on October 31, 1875. Birth place of Sardar Patel is Nadiad and native place is Karamsad. He belonged to a modest family; his family had not educated. But because of truthful hard work and determination, he obtained great heights in his life. In the fields, Sardar Patel helped his father to plough and sow seeds. At the age of 18 years, he got married to Ladba from Gana, Anand. But regrettably, in January 1909, his wife died with cancer disease in Bombay (presently Mumbai). Sardar Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel was a strong man that even getting the news of Ladba’s death could not stop him doing his job. When he got the note stating his wife’s death, he was cross-examining a witness in court. He had read that note and he put that note in his pocket, and moved on to complete the case. Sardar Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel told other people about the news after completed the case. At that time, He was only 34 years old and had taken decision not to get remarried.
Contribution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in India
Perhaps the biggest contribution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel came around the time of partition, the regrettable communal violence, deep-seated mistrust, and bloody period of ideological conflict. 15th August 1947, India had become independent from the British rule empire. For independence, the struggle had lasted two centuries, various women and men laid down their lives to ensure that we could breathe and live in an independent nation. The struggle for independence to retouch grotesque society that was prevalent during those times ran hand in hand with the struggle for freedom.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel took over as the Home Minister of nascent nation at a very important juncture in history and devoted himself wholeheartedly to make sure that the nation which was already partitioned remained united and intact.
India was categorized into hundreds of various different kingdoms, separated by conflicting ideas and interests before independence.
While leaving, the British left to us a 1/3rd India with 100 kingdoms separated from each other. Independent Maharajas who did not consider their relationship with the new State of India was ruled over these individual kingdoms. Actually, it is considered that in every hundred miles, one individual kingdom would stumble to other political island with an Independent Maharaja ruling over individual kingdoms. The hold of Delhi was not the breadth and length India today.
On 15th August 1947, Patel took up the challenge that faced our country that came into existence. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel acted with determination, vision and statesmanship and quietly cleared out the various labyrinths. He appeared statesmanship of remarkably order. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the Indian Iron man who travelled the breadth and length of the country and convinced 100 regional kings to join their kingdoms with the Independent Union of India. His best efforts empowered the foundation of a United India where differences joint to develop a pool of humanity.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel tackled the question of 550 and principalities and odd State territories in a great manner which left his wildest critics. Within a year Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel redrew the Indian map with every princely State merging the union of India and thereby, making part of the political stream of life that was prosperous with harmony and cultural unity. Within a few months Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel dismantled without shedding any blood. Since the dawn of its history, the monarchies which managed over to Nehru a unified India on which to develop a democratic edifice and therefore Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel enabled Nehru to become the builder of India modern democratic.
For the first time in Indian history stretched over ages, India became united and one. In order to add plume, this achievement occurred without shedding a drop of blood. So, that was the miracle of his personality. The amazing qualities of leadership Sardar Patel. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel had shown as Satyagraha leader, flowered in best way in the management of the country, administration of order and law and making sure the stability of the country and making it impenetrable. After completed his task of weaving unity, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel visited Kanyakumari.
Patric French, an eminent historian evoked that Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was Real Father of Nation.
The role of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in free India
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the 1st Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of India. Due to request of Gandhi ji, Sardar stepped down so that Jawaharlal Nehru could become the PM of India. Sardar refused to become the PM of India only for Mahatma Gandhi. Recently, Narendra Modi stated that if Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel had become the 1st PM of India, then the condition of India would have been great and different. Narendra Modi said this while addressing the opening ceremony of Smruti Smarak of Shri Sardar. He also said that Sardar was a secular and liberal leader respected for his effective and different ideology.
Consolidation of the states
The most historic and commendable achievement of Vallabhbhai was the integration of Five hundred sixty two princely states under the Indian union. Due to his powerful personality, princes were drawn towards Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel for this Indian union. Sardar played a vital role in freedom of India. He was awarded with Bharat Ratna which is India’s highest civilian posthumously, honor. In India, His birthday is celebrated on 31October as Sardar Jayanti. Today various monuments and institutes have been named after him to honor this amazing iron man of India.
Patel's last days
In 1950, the health of Sardar began deteriorating due to blood in cough. Therefore, Maniben began restricting his meetings and work. His health condition even more worsened and he was confined to bed after 2 November. After a massive heart attack, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel died on December 15, 1950 at Birla House in Bombay. Unfortunately, the great soul of India left this world.
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